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Modelling a multidimensional approach to change the livelihood process of ethnic minorities living in the plain land of Magura district: Magura Model

 

Introduction:

Ethnic minorities living in the hilly areas (south-east, north-west) of Bangladesh often get national and international attention for their issues and rights; however, ethnic minorities living in the plain lands of the country are often socially and politically marginalized and receive less public attention. They are often socially and culturally detached, reside mostly in impoverished areas and are highly vulnerable to climate change due to their substandard livelihood pattern. Furthermore, due to their stereotyped position (mostly illiterate, unemployed, undernourished) in the households, women and children in these families are extremely susceptible  to any kind of natural disasters. From generations these people are maintaining the same socio-economic patterns of their tribes clutching forefathers’ rituals, values  and even professions. Moreover, being in the nadir tire of the caste system downtrodden their potentials and dwindles human dignity.

 

Interventions are made, initiatives are taken often and then, however, the end result seems unsatisfactory. The main drawback of the initiatives lies in the angle of viewfinder through which a part of a big problem is identified and a piecemeal solution is sought to address that particular problem. But, the problem of the ethnic people is multidimensional, and multifaceted and therefore a holistic approach, a multi-dimensional change initiative is necessary to upgrade the livelihood pattern of the ethnic minorities. 

 

Therefore, I am proposing a change initiative which is multidimensional and makes use of SDG indicators as intervention tools to develop a model to bring change to the livelihood patterns of the ethnic minorities living in the plain lands of Magura Sader. 


 

Ethnic Minorities living in Magura Sadar: 

In accordance with a circular Of Cultural ministry there are fifty five ethnic minorities living in the country. Among them, mainly four groups of ethnic  minority people living in  Magura Sadar.  They are:

  1. Bagdi
  2. Bania (Buno)
  3. Baroi&
  4. Malo

 

Union-wise list 

Union wise list of the Ethnic minority people is available in the government web portal. http://magurasadar.magura.gov.bd/. Moreover, more specified data is available in the link below: http://unomagurasadar.pollitechs.com/

Magura Model: 

“The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by the United Nations in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that by 2030 all people enjoy peace and prosperity”. The goals and objectives fundamentally cover every facet of a pleasant and dignified human life. However, in countries like Bangladesh, the most crucial component of implementing SDGs is prioritizing sectors and incorporating them with local resources and means in order to achieve maximum output with minimal inputs. Effective strategies and action plans, as well as a monitoring mechanism to link the strategies to the desired outcome, should be in place.

People from ethnic minorities living in Magura'spalin area are usually poor, illiterate, undernourished, and socially isolated, and these factors are interwoven and trajected in a vicious circle. A more holistic and comprehensive approach is highly advised to solve the issues they are facing and to raise their standard, and the SDGs provide a thorough guideline in this regard. For this reason, here, in this action plan, we have modeled upon the goals and targets of the SDGs and the strategies/ plans have been sought accordingly taking into account the local context and available resources and means.

 

Goal 1: Eradicating Poverty (extreme hunger) 

Targets: 

1. Ensuring 100% SSNP

                   2. Eradicating Beggars

3. Access to Banking/ Mobile banking (100%)

4. Alternative Income generation means

5. Access to land (giving landless khas land, if necessary)

 

Goal 2: Fulfilling Nutritional Needs 

Targets: 

1.Nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women

                   2. Small scale food/ livestock production

3. Channeling finance/ financial agencies (Go,Ngo)

4. Safe farming

 

Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing 

Targets: 

1. Maternal mortality health 100% coverage

                   2. Immunization coverage 100%

3. Family planning coverage 100%

4. Reproductive health care/ adolescence care 

5. Covid 19 vaccine 100%

6. Awareness on hygiene and safety

7. Blood grouping for all 100%

8.  recreation for child wellbeing

 

Goal 4: Education for all

Targets: 

1. Primary enrolment 100% 

                   2. Adult literacy

3. Encouraging female education

4. Creation vocational training 

 

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Targets: 

1. Safe transport for girls

                   2. Awareness on gender discrimination

3. Child marriage ban

4. Encouraging Women leadership

 

 

 

 

Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation

Targets: 

1. Access to clean drinking water 100% (arsenic test)

                   2. Equitable sanitation 100%

                  

Goal 7 : productive employment 

Goal 8 : Community Wellbeing and institutional Capacity building 



 

Action Plan: The whole programme can be reorganized and elaborated into targets.   

 

Goal 1: Eradicating Poverty (extreme hunger) 

 

Targets

Actions

Timeline

   Start..End

Concerned office/ officer

Resources

Ensuring 100% SSNP

Identifying worthy candidate and including in suitable SSNP 

Jan 22

Mar 22

USSO

Gov. 

Eradicating Begging

Listing beggars from the community and soughting proper rehabilitation means

Jan

22

Dec

22

USSO

gov/ NGO/ Local fund

Alternative Income generation

Creating alternative income sources for young men and womenfolks

Jan

22

—-

All concerned dept.

gov/ NGO/ 

Providing land to the landless

Listing the landless (below .05 acre) 

Feb

22

AC (Land)

Go

 

Goal 2 : Fulfilling Nutritional Needs 

 

Targets

Actions

Timeline

   Start..End

Concerned office/ officer

Resources

Establishing Vegetable garden

Identifying worthy candidates and establishing vegetable gardens.  

Jan 22

,,,,

UAO

Gov. 

Fruit tree plantation 

Giving every household at least 2 fruit trees

Jan

22

Jun

23

UAO/ UNO

gov/ NGO/ Local fund

Small Farming 

Listing framers and train them 

Jan

22

Jun

23

UAO/ ULAO

gov/ NGO/ 

Fish cultivation

Listing potentials and training them. 

Feb

22

UFO

Go/Ngo

 

Goal 3 : Good Health and Wellbeing 

 

Targets

Actions

Timeline

   Start..End

Concerned office/ officer

Resources

Blood Grouping 100%

All people will be tested to identify blood groups. 

Jan 22

Mar

23

UHFPO

Gov./ NGO

Vaccination 100%

Covid 19 vaccine and all other essential vaccines will be provided to all. 

Jan

22

Jun

23

UHFPO

gov/ NGO/ 

Family planning coverage 100%

Family planning services should be provided to all

Jan

22

….

UFPO

gov/ NGO/ 

Incurable Disease 

Listing potentials and training them. 

Feb

22

UFO/ USSO

Go/Ngo

 

Goal 4 : Education for all

Targets

Actions

Timeline

   Start..End

Concerned office/ officer

Resources

100% primary enrollment 

Ensuring primary enrollment and preventing dropout

Jan 22

,,,,

TEO

Gov. 

Educational accessories distribution 

Distributing Educational accessories 

Jan

22

TEO/ UNO

gov/ NGO/ Local fund

Providing Stipend 

Providing stipend to students 

Jan

22

….

UNO/ UZC

gov/ NGO/ 

Providing Bicycle

Providing bicycle to poor girls

Feb

22

UNO

Go/Ngo

Goal 5 : Gender equality

Targets

Actions

Timeline

   Start..End

Concerned office/ officer

Resources

Bicycle distribution among girls 

Bicycle distribution among girls 

Jan 22

,,,,

UNO/ Union chairmen

Gov. 

Sanitary Napkin Distribution 

Distributing sanitary napkin to all girls

Jan

22

UNO

gov/ NGO/ Local fund

Women empowerment 

Including women in the union committee

Jan

22

….

UNO

gov/ NGO/ 

Early marriage prevention and awareness

Regular awareness programme and necessary actions 

Feb

22

UNO

Go/Ngo

 

Goal 6 : Edible drinking water and sanitation. 

Targets

Actions

Timeline

   Start..End

Concerned office/ officer

Resources

Drinking water sources  

Establishing tubewells to all households 

Jan 22

,,,,

UNO/ Union chairmen.

Gov. 

Sanitation coverage 100% 

Ensuring 100% sanitation coverage 

Jan

22

UNO

gov/ NGO/ Local fund

           
           

Goal 7 : productive employment 

 

Targets

Actions

Timeline

   Start..End

Concerned office/ officer

Resources

Small scale farming 

Giving funds and logistics for entrepreneurs. 

Jan 22

,,,,

UNO/ Union chairmen/ Jubo/ UWAO

Gov. 

Technical professionals 

Providing training and support to produce mayson, plumbers, tailoring, food processing  drivers etc. 

Jan

22

UNO

gov/ NGO/ Local fund

Mushroom cultivation. 

Supporting entrepreneurs to produce mushrooms and making business out of it. 

Jan

22

UNO/ Jubo/

Go/ Ngo

Goal 8 : Community Wellbeing and institutional Capacity building 

 

Targets

Actions

Timeline

   Start..End

Concerned office/ officer

Resources

Forming committee to all the union 

Forming committee and cooperative union to all union

Jan 22

,,,,

UNO/ Union chairman/ cooperative officer.

Gov. 

Community hall and recreation 

Establishing community halls in every Para and providing recreational facilities. 

Jan

22

UNO

gov/ NGO/ Local fund

           

Conclusion : This plan will be executed under the close supervision of Deputy Commissioner, Magura and all the local available resources will be reallocated and reappropriated along with the government funds. 

 

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